Supported by such basic technologies as high-speed services framework, box computing, open services, search, and recommendation, Inspur’s open platform of government data makes catalogues of data, puts it on display and preserves it under good management. The management and services offered by Inspur cover the complete procedure of data processing from data-gathering, arranging, cataloguing, publishing to updating, in order to insure the readability of government data on computers, its originality, immediacy, openness, integrity and security. Besides a public access to data-searching, publishing and downloading, Inspur provides its developers with Open API for data access, and sets up special columns, inviting the developers for participation and the public for feedback.
The American government brought up Open Government initiative in 2009, proposing participatory democracy, and encouraging the public to get themselves acquainted with and to participate in discussions on public policies. The most notable achievement of this initiative is the establishment of data. gov— the only site where the American government makes known to the public its data. Other countries, including Britain, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Singapore, have also formulated and implemented plans with respective national characteristics for opening government data in succession.
In August 2013, the State Council explicitly declares in “Suggestions for Improving Information Consumption to Expand Domestic Demand” that the government shall accelerate its transformation to intelligent management, and promote the publication and sharing of information resources and fair competition between enterprises. It requires that the government should promote the sharing, development and utilization of public information recourses, formulate regulations on the publication and sharing of public information recourses, and advance the publication of information recourses of such institutions as municipal public sector institutions, and public service institutions.
In June 2014, 12 national ministries and commissions, including National Development and Reform Commission, jointly approved “Pilot Cities of National Information-Benefiting Project.” It requires that pilot cities should, with the goal of resolving prominent conflicts and constraints, transform the traditional informatized construction mode, which is technology-orientated and project-driven, and put more emphasis on innovation in institutional mechanisms, policies and systems. It explicitly suggests that the government should promote the publication, sharing, and innovative applications of government data, foster social value, advance the development of information service industry, and encourage information consumption.
The open data platform, based on such underlying core technologies as data-searching, recommending, services framework, box computing, open services, catalogues, displays and administers government data. It provides the public with data services, data exhibition, descriptions of API data services, and support for application development, so that the public may have access to data of higher quality and enjoy better services.
Introduction of Functions
The open data platform adopts the design pattern of “data plus service plus application.” The operation of service relies on data. Only with data, can service be provided and utilized. And application depends on service. To follow application logic, it requires that application should acquire data through its utilization of service provided by the platform.
1) Foreground Module
The home page mainly comprises rolling pictures and latest news. Rolling pictures give audiences an orientation of the website, making it understood the roles that ordinary users and developers respectively play with the help of visual images, in order that users acquaint themselves with the website as soon as possible. In addition, major events held by the website, like a contest among developers, may be publicized by rolling pictures. It is convenient for its users to learn about the important updates in time. Latest news is mainly about real-time updates and some other news concerning people’s livelihood, aiming at allowing its users to acquaint themselves with up-to-the-minute happenings on the website, the latest data on weather and other information regarding people’s livelihood.
Data sets and recommendation on Apps are intended to push resources and applications in which users may feel interested, and to help users get recommendation on popular recourses when they do not understand their own needs. Users may also click the button “more” and enter the corresponding page that exhibits data resources and Apps.
Data catalogue on the open data portal is presented in two ways. It is either given in the form of a unified list or exhibited as resources separate from each other. The former way of cataloguing mainly gives a unified display of all the data resources arranged on separate pages, offering a detailed presentation of its content through its combination with the search engine and resource catalogue; the latter is applicable to each individual data resource, presenting the audience with a complete description of data recourses and the download method. It offers detailed information on each specific data resource through catalogue views, metadata views, service lists and data views.
Enter the page of Map Service, click its left side, and switch to the tab page of Map Search and the commonly used search tab. Enter the default map search page, and then into pages that list popular destinations. Switch to the commonly used search tab, and service information, such as the sites of parking lots, gas stations, banks, and cash machines, can be retrieved. Right-hand maps can locate the place, the result of our search, and show it through vectors or images.
API Service provides developers with the third party interface. Users may choose the interface that corresponds to the topic or department.
The application allows a unified display of various kinds of applications in a single module, an accomplishment that developers may utilize data services on the open data website. It supports the mobile client application and web client application. Designed as an App store, this application provides such services as application groups, monthly charts, and search & recommendation.
Developer Center, as the core of developer services, provides developers with one-stop experience by integrating a series of activities, from learning, communication, the authorization and utilization of services, to the development and management of applications, into a single module.
The data index is subdivided into the open data index and visitation index. The open data index can display the numbers in the form of pie charts. The visitation index exhibits by datasheets such data index as the monthly top ten topics (by total page views) and the top ten downloads.
Interaction, as the link that connects users and the website, plays a vital role in gathering users’ opinions and suggestions. A good interactive environment may more effectively promote the healthy development of the website. Interaction consists chiefly of the following four columns, suggested data, consultations, questionnaires, common questions.
2) Back-Stage Management Module
All the administration tools on the website are gathered up on the back-stage management page. It selectively exhibits the tools those administrators allowed to use according to their permissions, so that they may work in a convenient management system.
The back-stage management is divided mainly into six modules, data resource management, data service management, application management, resource catalogue management, interaction management, and notice management. Besides all these, the system administrator has particular responsibility to put the other administrators under his/her management. He/she may take in new administrators and assign them the corresponding permission. The back-stage management page only shows those modules that conform to the administrator permission.
The website functions as the data compilation center. It is primarily intended for the compilation of data resources, data services, and application data, including such information as page views, the citation number, and the download number. The results of compilation are visually displayed with datasheets and graphs, so that it is convenient for administrators to evaluate the resources and to follow the usage of the website.
The management mechanism of data resources, the core resources of open data sites, will influence the efficiency of the entire website. To reduce to its minimum the impairment that data maintenance might do to the website, perfect resource management is needed to preserve and monitor the web data. Data resource management services are divided into such modules as resource synchronization, data publication, resource verification, resource status, and resource monitor.
Data service offered by the open government data platform is the extended use of data resources, and it is also its main usage. Data service provides developers with data resources in the form of APT interface, so that they may draw on data resources with no need to download them to the local file system. Besides, the latest data resources can be acquired without data processing on the premise that the data are being updated while the service is not.
Application Management is mainly intended for assistant supervisors to carry out examinations on applications developed by developers, and for the unified management of on-line applications on the website. It monitors the operation of the whole application environment, and conducts a timely investigation to find out those applications that have influenced the website’s normal operation.
Interaction management is mainly conducted on its four parts. It is used to verify and submit users’ application for open data, reply to users’ feedback, draw up questionnaires and examine statistical data, update common questions, etc.